Your Guide to LIHEAP (Low Income Housing Energy Assistance Program)

No one likes dealing with utility bills. It can be especially hard for people in tough financial situations to keep up with these payments. The government knows this is an issue for many people which is why they offer the Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP). This federal program can help eligible individuals get some help they need.

What is the Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP)

A popular bill assistance program for eligible Americans dealing with financial hardship is LIHEAP. This program helps low income families get affordable home energy services. It also hopes to reduce the risk that people have to deal with if they have unsafe heating and cooling practices in place for their home. A lot of people are eligible to receive assistance and don’t even know it. This assistance option may be federally funded but states run and operate their own LIHEAP program. This means program requirements will vary so make sure to check eligibility requirements in your locality!

What Can LIHEAP Help With?

LIHEAP can help more than people may realize! This program can provide help with:

  • Heating and cooling energy costs
  • Energy home repairs (home weatherization)
  • Utility bill assistance
  • Emergency support

These benefit assistance options are only available for eligible individuals that have been accepted as a recipient of the program. The funds from the program generally do not go towards water or sewer bills. However, there may be exceptions in cases where water is used for utilities like air conditioning.

How Does LIHEAP Work?

This is a government-based program which means it is federally funded. However, like we said earlier, the states are the ones who operate it from a local level. Many love this program for the energy assistance that it provides.

You will go to your State’s LIHEAP office to learn more about the program. They can give you a variety of information from eligibility requirements, to the application process, the necessary documentation, and more. They can also answer any questions you may have along the way. There could be limited availability for this program in your state due to funding limitations. That is why you should submit your application sooner rather than later! The worst that can happen is you are declined.

How to Qualify for LIHEAP?

The eligibility requirements will be based on your state. However, you may also be able to automatically qualify if you are a recipient of other federal assistance programs like:

  • Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP)
  • Supplemental Security Income (SSI)
  • Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF)

Other eligibility requirements generally depend on two main factors. Your income level and your household size. For example, if you are a four-person household that makes $39,750 a year then you may be able to receive LIHEAP. However, a household of one person needs to make roughly $19,320 to potentially qualify.

Eligibility is an important factor in receiving this assistance. If you make more than the maximum income level allowed then you will be disqualified from benefits. Generally people that are dealing with financial hardship may benefit from looking into LIHEAP assistance.

Understanding the Application Process for LIHEAP

If you want to apply for LIHEAP then you should get in touch with your State’s LIHEAP office. However, your state may have an online application process that you can check out too. Regardless, beginning the communication is the first step! You can review local LIHEAP office locations using a free online locator tool offered by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Once you find your local LIHEAP office, you will need to submit your application. Your local LIHEAP office will have all of the application information you need in order to make sure you properly apply.

What Documents Does Your Application Require?

Even though every state has their own application requirements, there may be some general information that you can prepare like your:

  • Identity Verification
  • Address Verification
  • Social Security Number
  • Citizenship Documentation
  • Income Verification
  • Bank Statements
  • Proof of Other Assistance

These are just some documents that people typically need to provide when they submit their application.

What if You Don’t Qualify for LIHEAP?

If you find that you are not eligible to receive LIHEAP assistance, you may feel discouraged. It is important to not get too down in the dumps if you aren’t eligible. Instead, you should look for other ways to handle your utility bills. You may be able to find other assistance opportunities through your energy provider, local organizations, the government, and more.

Other assistance opportunities may be able to provide similar support through bill pay assistance, home repair coverage, etc. You can review available local assistance information online or by getting in touch with a professional.

In the meantime, while you look for other assistance opportunities, you may benefit from talking to your energy provider about your current situation. They may be more flexible than you think when it comes to providing extra time for your bills.


If you are someone that is struggling to handle their utility bills, you are not alone. Many other Americans that are dealing with financial hardship can find themselves in the same situation. However, you may be able to benefit from the Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP).

LIHEAP can  provide assistance with heating and cooling costs, utility bill assistance, energy home repairs, emergency support, and more. Even though this is a federal program, it varies by state. That means that eligibility requirements and assistance support may vary.

If you are interested in applying for this program then you will want to find your local LIHEAP office. From there, you will be able to talk about eligibility requirements, the application process, and more. If you find that you are unable to receive LIHEAP assistance, then you may want to consider looking for programs through your energy provider, local organizations, or the government. You may also be able to talk to your energy provider about bill repay flexibility. Take your time, and there may be more support for your current situation than you realize!